Crocus plant is bulbous perennial grass that belongs to iris family (Iridaceae). The Crocus flower is very attractive and beautiful. Among the 85 species belonging to the genus Crocus, C. sativus L. (Saffron) is the most fascinating and intriguing species. Questions as when it originated; the native area or areas; the ancestor species and the mechanisms of origin; the wild or naturalized plants; the infertility and consequent absence of fruit and seeds; remain to be explained. Greece (Crete) has been mentioned as probable origin of this old crop with probably more than 4,500 years of age
The Saffron spice derived from the flower is a highly appreciated flavour in many parts of the world.